January. 28 2003
Japan Cruise Line(JCL) announced that two passengers of Pacific Venus, the ship JCL operates, were infected with legionnaires disease and got in a hospital in critical condition. JCL said the water of the ship's spa, Japanese style bath like big version of jacuzzi, was contaminated by legionnaires. After inspection, it was found out that was more than 1500 times higher than the standard.
canceled the future cruises from Feb.1 and now they are refitting the bath
in the spa.
They were planning to go to World cruise from 26th of next month, yet right now it is not sure they can.
A outbreak of Legionella was the cause of the death of both workers of the port of Barcelona.
Tuesday, 16 of February of 1999
The analyses clinical epidemiologists and have determined that the cause of the death of both workers of the port of Barcelona was a outbreak of Legionella who repaired a freight-carrying ship of Tunisian flag.
From the Council of Public Health of the City council of Barcelona it has been prevented, as measured you will prevent, the exit of the boat and the works that came on board being developed until it is not possible to be established that it does not represent a danger for the rest of the workers.
The water, its habitat
" The Legionella " is a bacterium whose habitat is the aquatic means. Usually they proliferate, for example, in conditioned air systems. The temperatures between 20 and 45 degrees favour their development. These factors influenced in the development of the outbreak registered in the water pumps of the Sousanne ship, berthed in this shipyard of the Port of Barcelona, and that caused the death to two workers soldering irons. One of the workers affected by Legionella was found dead in the train that lead to him to Cadiz, while his companion passed away in a hospital of Huesca.
They lived in Ciutat Vella
The city council of Barcelona has raised the suspension to prevent to the inn of the Ciutat Vella where the employees lodged since the analyses have not detected risk some. Nevertheless, the boat will not be able to leave the port at the moment nor will be able to be made works in the zone.
There is no danger
Since the origin of the outbreak is located in the boat, from the Barcelonian city council it has made sure that it does not involve danger for the population.
Legionnaires` Disease found in New Zealand boat
Monday 9th November, 1998
The bacteria that causes potentially
fatal legionnaires' disease has been discovered on a boat moored at Dampier
in the Pilbara.
The boat from New Zealand is sailing around Australia.
The bacteria was found in its
water supply, which has since been treated.
Legionnaires' disease which is contracted by inhaling the bacteria into the lungs, has an incubation period of 10 to 14 days and produces flu-like symptoms.
Recently there have been 16 confirmed cases and 10 suspected cases following an outbreak in Victoria.
The Roebourne Shire Council chief
executive says no-one has been infected and the bacteria is under control.
He says the bacteria was found in the boat's drinking water, but the main threat to the people on board was inhaling the bacteria while in the shower.
25th July 1998
For the second year in succession
the Regional Public Health Service of Rotterdam received a notification
of legionellosis, presumably originating from a source on a river cruise
On July 15th, an American tourist returned in the States with sever pneumonia.
The diagnosis Legionnaires' disease was established. This was conveyed to the travel agent (and presumably also to CDC), who relayed the message to the ship owners in Rotterdam. The Regional Public health Service started investigations immediately, taking water samples from hot water systems, showers, whirlpool and sauna on board.
The entire fresh water volume was replaced and treated with Hadex as a precaution. The whirlpool was put out of order until the results of the water samples are known. Air-processing equipment are being monitored and sampled. The ship is now in Austria.
Last year, 6 British tourists acquired Legionnaires' disease on board a river cruise ship. Then the whirlpool was found to contain high concentrations of _Legionella pneumophila_. There was no practice of applying chlorine to the whirlpool water, nor to check the water regularly. This whirlpool was put out of order permanently, and the owners were pressed to improve their maintenance procedures.
This year we only have this one report of the American tourist. But there is a real possibility that more people were infected, and have been hospitalized with Legionnaires' disease.
Could anyone who has information of patients with Legionnaires' disease who recently have made a boat trip in Europe send me details? It would improve our source investigation.
-- Arnold Bosman, epidemiologist Consultant in Communicable Disease Control Regional Public Health Service Department of Infectious Diseases Roterdam +31-10-4339293 fax: +31-4339237 e-mail: email@example.com
Monday 29 June 1998
LEGIONNAIRES` DISEASE ON SCOTTISH CRUISE SHIP
DOCTORS were warned yesterday to look out for patients with symptoms of legionnaires' disease after fears that as many as 6,000 people may have been exposed to a suspected outbreak on board a cruise ship.
The SS Edinburgh Castle, returned to Greenock, Scotland early yesterday after a 10-day cruise to Norway with 900 passengers and 400 crew members on board. It was immediately taken out of service as a huge operation began to disinfect the ship's water supply.
Holidaymakers due to set off on a two-week cruise yesterday had their departure postponed until tomorrow while health and safety officials investigated. So far there have been two confirmed cases of Legionnaire`s Disease among former passengers with at least one further case to be confirmed. Yesterday, a spokesman for Direct Holidays, the Glasgow-based tour operator that leases the ship from Castle Cruising, said the two had since made a full recovery.
Passengers and crew disembarking
yesterday were given letters explaining the situation and told to see their
doctors if they developed flu-like symptoms, which can take 10 days to
The Doctor from the Scottish Centre for Infection and Environmental Health in Glasgow, who is investigating the source of the disease, said: What we are dealing with here is circumstantial. The fact that we have two cases associated with the same cruise ship doesn't mean they caught it on the ship.
A joint statement from Castle
Cruising and Direct Cruises, a division of Direct Holidays, said: "There
is no conclusive evidence linking the previous cases to the ship. However,
additional water treatment procedures would be undertaken.
England for this photograph
30th June 1998
VANCOUVER, British Columbia
Princess Cruise Lines canceled an Alaskan voyage of the Regal Princess after viral outbreaks sickened hundreds of passengers during three successive cruises.
Rick James, a vice president of Los Angeles-based Princess, was cited as saying that at least 270 people suffered diarrhea and vomiting after contracting the unknown virus during week-long cruises that began June 7, 14 and 21. Two investigators from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention boarded the ship in June last week to determine the origin of the outbreak.
Dave Forney, a senior health
advisor for the CDC, was quoted as saying, "We're dealing with a viral
outbreak as far as we can tell. We don't know if it's food-borne or water-borne,
but we're looking at all these avenues of exposure."